The problem looks close to
JENKINS-25690 but it is related to the default Jenkins Pipeline functionality.
It would be nice to have a global option to force Docker to always pull base images before build ("--pull" argument). When you have a lot of Jenkinsfiles it is very hard to control that all of them pull base images before each build.
Update: but with the ability to bypass the global setting for a specific line with docker.build(). There's a corner case when one image must be build FROM another one that also was built locally. In this situation "--pull" argument will break the second build because it hadn't been pushed to a registry yet.